Vol 37(2021) N 6 p. 34-47; DOI 10.21519/0234-2758-2021-37-6-34-47
M.V. Karpov1, V.M. Nikolaeva1, V.V. Fokina1*, A.A. Shutov1, A.V. Kazantsev2, N.I. Strizhov1, and M.V. Donova1

Construction and Functional Analysis of Mycolicibacterium smegmatis Recombinant Strains Carrying the Genes of Bacillary Cytochromes CYP106A1 and CYP106A2

1G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, «Pushchino Scientific Center for Biological Research, Russian Academy of Sciences», Pushchino, Moscow Oblast, 142290, Russia
2Faculty of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia

Received - 13.07.2021; Accepted - 20.08.2021


Mycolicibacterium smegmatis mc2155 has been genetically modified to be used as a platform for the expression of foreign cytochrome P450 monooxygenases by introducing deletions in the kshB and kstD genes that encode key stages of the enzymatic destruction of the steroid nucleus. Three sets of genetic constructs have been created for heterologous expression of the genes of cytochromes P450 CYP106A1 from Bacillus megaterium DSM319 and CYP106A2 from Bacillus megaterium ATCC13368 in Mycolicibacterium smegmatis mc2155 (ΔkshBΔkstD) cells. The recombinant plasmids contained monocistronic expression cassettes of cytochrome genes (NS31 and pNS32), or tricistronic cassettes of cytochrome genes together with cDNA copies of adrenodoxin and andrenodoxin reductase genes of the bovine adrenal cortex (pNS33 and pNS34), or monocistronic gene cassettes of chimeric cytochromes fused with the DNA sequence encoding the CYP116B2 reductase domain from the soil bacterium Rhodococcus sp. NCIMB 9784 (pNS35 and pNS36). The recombinant strains of mycolicibacteria were shown to selectively monohydroxylate androstenedione (AD) under growth conditions. The product was identified as 15-hydroxyandrostenedione (15-OH-AD) by mass spectrometry and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The maximum level of 15-OH-AD production (17.3 ± 1.5 mg/L) was observed when using the recombinant M. smegmatis mc2155 (ΔkshBΔkstD) (pNS32) strain, which expresses a single cyp106A2 gene from B. megaterium ATCC13368. Host proteins of M. smegmatis mc2155 were shown to be capable of supplying electrons to heterologous cytochromes to support their hydroxylating activity. The results are of priority character, expand the understanding of the hydroxylation of steroid compounds by bacterial cytochromes CYP106A1/A2 and are important for the creation of microbial strains producing valuable hydroxysteroids.

cyp106A1, cyp106A2, cytochrome P450, heterologous expression, Bacillus megaterium, Mycolicibacterium smegmatis, 15β-hydroxylation, bioconversion, steroids

This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project No. 21-64-00024).